Articles and Book Chapters

1. “The Anti‑Pelagian Structure of ‘Nominalist’ Doctrines of Justification”, Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 57 (1981) 107‑19.

2. “Rectitude: The Moral Foundations of Anselm of Canterbury’s Soteriology”, Downside Review 99 (1981) 204‑13.

3. “‘Augustinianism’? A Critical Assessment of the so‑called ‘Mediaeval Augustinian Tradition’ on Justification”, Augustiniana 31 (1981) 247‑67.

4. “Justification:  Barth, Trent and Küng”, Scottish Journal of Theology 34 (1981) 517‑29.

5. “Humanist Elements in the Early Reformed Doctrine of Justification”, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 73 (1982) 5‑20.

6. “Justice and Justification.  Semantic and Juristic Aspects of the Christian Doctrine of Justification”, Scottish Journal of Theology 35 (1982) 403‑18.

7. “Forerunners of the Reformation?  A Critical Examination of the Evidence for Precursors of the Reformation Doctrines of Justification”, Harvard Theological Review 75 (1982) 219‑42.

8. “‘The Righteousness of God’ from Augustine to Luther”, Studia Theologica 36 (1982) 63‑78.

9. “Mira et nova diffinitio iustitiae.  Luther and Scholastic Doctrines of Justification”, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 74 (1983) 37‑60.

10. “Karl Barth and the articulus iustificationis.  The Significance of His Critique of Ernst Wolf within the Context of his Theological Method”, Theologische Zeitschrift 39 (1983) 349‑61.

11. “Homo iustificandus fide.  Rechtfertigung, Verkündigung und Anthropologie”, Kerygma und Dogma 29 (1983) 323‑31.

12. “Divine Justice and Divine Equity in the Controversy between Augustine and Julian of Eclanum”, Downside Review 101 (1983) 312‑9.

13. “Homo assumptus?  A Study in the Christology of the Via Moderna, with Particular Reference to William of Ockham”, Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 60 (1984): 283‑97.

14. “The Influence of Aristotelian Physics upon St Thomas Aquinas’ Discussion of the Processus Iustificationis“, Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 51 (1984) 223‑9.

15. “Karl Barth als Aufklärer? Der Zusammenhang seiner Lehre vom Werke Christi mit der Erwählungslehre”, Kerygma und Dogma 30 (1984) 273‑83.

16. “Der articulus iustificationis als axiomatischer Grundsatz des christlichen Glaubens”, Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 81 (1984) 383‑94.

17. “Some Observations concerning the Soteriology of the Schola Moderna”, Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale  52 (1985): 182‑93.

18. “The Moral Theory of the Atonement.  An Historical and Theological Critique”, Scottish Journal of Theology 38 (1985): 205‑20.

19. “John Calvin and Late Medieval Thought.  A Study in Late Medieval Influences upon Calvin’s Theological Thought”, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 77 (1986): 58-78.

20. “Christology and Soteriology. A Response to Wolfhart Pannenberg’s Critique of the Soteriological Approach to Christology”, Theologische Zeitschrift 42 (1986): 222‑36.

21. “Geschichte, Überlieferung und Erzählung: Überlegungen zur Identität und Aufgabe christlicher Theologie”, Kerygma und Dogma 32 (1986): 234-53.

22. “Karl Barth on Jesus Christ, Theology and the Church”, in Reckoning with Barth: Essays in Commemoration of the Centenary of Karl Barth’s Birth (Oxford: Mowbrays, 1988): 27–42.

23. “Christian Ethics”, in R. Morgan (ed.), The Religion of the Incarnation: Anglican Essays in Commemoration of Lux Mundi (Bristol: Classical Press, 1989), 189–204.

24. “The Eucharist: Reassessing Zwingli”, Theology 93 (1990): 13–20.

25. “Dogma und Gemeinde: Zur soziologische Funktion des christlichen Dogmas”, Kerygma und Dogma (1990): 24–43.

26. Articles “Reformation” and “Martin Luther” in The Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation, ed. J. L Houlden (London: SCM Press, 1990).

27. “The Christology of Hugolino of Orvieto”, in Schwerpunkte und Wirkungen des Sentenzenkommentars Hugolins von Orvieto, ed. K. W. Eckermann (Würzburg: Augustinus-Verlag, 1990), 253–62.

28. “Religion”, in J. W. Yolton et al. (eds), The Blackwell Companion to the Enlightenment (Oxford: Blackwell, 1991), 447-52.

29. “A Better Way: The Priesthood of All Believers”, in Michael Scott Horton, ed., Power Religion: The Selling Out of the Evangelical Church? Chicago: Moody Press, 1992,  301-13.

30. Articles on “Justification” and “Cross, Theology of the” for A Dictionary of Paul and His Letters ed. G. F. Hawthorne, R. P. Wallace and D. G. Reid  (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1993).

31. Articles on “Justification”, “Sanctification” and “Scholasticism” for Encyclopaedia of the Reformation ed. H. Hillebrandt (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).

32. “The Transition to Modernity, 1400–1750”, in J. L. Houlden and Peter Byrne, Companion Encyclopaedia of Theology (London: Routledge, 1995), 230-50.

33. “Theologiae Proprium Subiectum: Theology as the Servant and Critic of the Church”, in W. P. Stephens (ed.), The Bible, The Reformation, and the Church (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995), 150-65.

34. Articles on “Justification”, “Martin Luther”, “John Calvin”, “Calvinism” and “Lutheranism” in The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997).

35. Articles on Gabriel Biel, Martin Bucer, J. H. Bullinger, M. Flacius, A. von Karlstadt, Philip Melanchthon, Johann Oecolampadius, Vadian and Huldrych Zwingli for Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation, ed. John H Hayes (Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1998).

36. “Reality, Symbol and History: Theological Reflections on N. T. Wright’s Portrayal of Jesus”, in Carey C. Newman (ed.), Jesus and the Restoration of Israel: A Critical Assessment of N. T. Wright’s Jesus and the Victory of God (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1999), 159-79.

37. “Profile: Thomas F. Torrance,” Epworth Review 27 (2000): 11-15.

38. “Newman on Justification: An Evaluation,” in Terrance Merrigan and Ian T. Ker (eds), Newman and the Word (Louvain: Peters, 2000), 91-108.

39. “The Origins of A Scientific Theology.” Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 28 (2003): 259-65.

40. “Theologie, Christliche, 4-5: Reformation bis Neuzeit”, in Theologische Realenzyklopädie, ed. Gerhard Krause, Gerhard Müller, and Horst Robert Balz. (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2004).

41. “Intelligibility and Responsibility: The Doctrine of Creation and Modern Science”. China Graduate School of Theology Journal 37 (2004): 103-37.

42. “On Writing a Scientific Theology: A Response to Ross H. McKenzie.”, Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 56 (2004), 255-9.

43. “Jesus for Modern Man: The Historical Significance of John Robinson”s Christology”, in Colin Slee (ed.), Honest to God: Forty Years On (London: SCM Press, 2004), 111-32.

44. “A Blast from the Past? The Boyle Lectures and Natural Theology.” Science and Christian Belief 17 (2005): 25-34.

45. “Has Science Eliminated God? Richard Dawkins and the Meaning of Life.” Science and Christian Belief 17 (2005): 115-35.

46. “Spiritual Information and the Sense of Wonder: The Convergence of Spirituality and the Natural Sciences,” in Charles L. Harper (ed.), Spiritual Information (Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press, 2005), 1-5.

47. “Spirituality and Well-Being: Some Recent Discussions” [Review Article], Brain: A Journal of Neurology 129 (2006): 278-82.

48. “Darwinism”, in Philip Clayton (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Science and Religion (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), 681-96.

49. “The Doctrine of the Trinity: An Evangelical Reflection”, in Timothy George (ed.), God the Holy Trinity: Reflections on Christian Faith and Practice (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2006), 17-35.

50. “Theologie als Mathesis Universalis? Heinrich Scholz, Karl Barth, und der wissenschaftliche Status der christlichen Theologie.” Theologische Zeitschrift 63 (2007): 44-57.

51. “Dogma, Identität und soziale Existenz: Kritische Reflexionen über die soziale Funktion der christlichen Dogmatik in der Aufrechterhaltung von Gruppenidentität.” Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kulturgeschichte 2 (2007).

52. “Science and Religion”, in P. Clarke (ed.), The World’s Religions: Continuities and Transformations 2nd edn (London: Routledge, 2008), 609-20.

53. “The Secularization of Providence: Theological Reflections on the Appeal to Darwinism in Recent Atheist Apologetics”, in Philip G. Ziegler and Francesca Murphy (eds), The Doctrine of Providence (London: T&T Clark, 2009), 194-208.

54. “The Story of the King James Bible,” in D. G. Burke (eds), Translation that Openeth the Window: Reflections on the History and Legacy of the King James Bible. Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009), 3-20.

55. “,Schläft ein Lied in allen Dingen’? Gedanken über die Zukunft der natürlichen Theologie”. Theologische Zeitschrift 65 (2009): 246-60.

56. “The Great Tradition: J. I. Packer and Engaging with the Past to Enrich the Present,” in Timothy George (ed.), J. I. Packer and the Evangelical Future (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2009), 19-27.

57. “Is religion evil?” in William Lane Craig and Chad Meister (eds), God is Good, God is Great: Why Believing in God is Reasonable and Responsible (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2009), 119-38.

58. “Deism or Trinitarianism? The Case of Natural Theology.” A Theology of Japan: Monograph Series, vol. 5. (Tokyo: Seigakuin University Press, 2009), 102-14.

59. “The Shaping of Reality: Calvin and the Formation of Theological Vision.” Toronto Journal of Theology 25 (2009): 187–204.

60. “The ideological uses of evolutionary biology in recent atheist apologetics,” in Ronald Numbers and Dennis Alexander (eds), Ideology and Biology: From Descartes to Dawkins (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), 329-49.

61. “Water: A Navigable Channel from Science to God?”, in Ruth M. Lynden-Bell, Simon Conway Morris, John D. Barrow, and John L. Finney (eds), Water and Life: The Unique Properties of H2O (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), 341-52.

62. “Religious Education in Great Britain” [in Japanese]. Published in book form. Tokyo: Kirisuto Shimbun, 2010.

63. “Holy Communion: Its History and Practice” [in Japanese]. Published in book form. Tokyo: Kirisuto Shimbun, 2010.

64. “Gli ateismi di successo: Il nuovo scientismo.” Concilium: rivista internazionale di teologia 46 (2010): 625-37. Also published subsequently in German, Portugese, and English.

65. “Truth, Beauty and Goodness: A New Vision for Natural Theology”, in A. L. C. Runehov, N. H. Gregerson, and J. Wolf (eds), The Human Project in Science and Religion (Copenhagen: University of Copenhagen Press, 2010), 21-38.

66. “Erzählung, Gemeinschaft und Dogma: Reflexionen über das Zeugnis der Kirche in der Postmoderne.” Theologische Beiträge 41 (2010): 25–38.

67. “De grenzen aan de darwinistische wereldbeschouwing: een filosophisch en religieus perspectief”, in Luc Braeckmans, Willem Lemmens, Mark Nelissen, and Walter van Herck (eds), Darwin en het hedendaage mensbeeld  (Antwerp: University Press Antwerp, 2010),113-32.

68. “Faith and Tradition”, in Gerald McDermott (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), 81-95.

69. “Evangelicalism and Science”, in Gerald McDermott (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), 434-48.

70. “Protestantism”, in David Fergusson, Karen Kilby, Iain Torrance (eds), Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).

71. “Transcendence and God: Reflections on Critical Realism, the ‘New Atheism,’ and Christian Theology”. In Mervyn Hartwig and Jamie Morgan (eds), Theism, Atheism and Meta-Reality: Realist Perspectives on Spirituality. (London: Routledge, 2011), 157-69.

72. “The Natural Sciences and Apologetics”, in Andrew Davison (ed.), Imaginative Apologetics: Theology, Philosophy and the Catholic Tradition (London: SCM Press, 2011), 142-57.

73. “The Cultivation of Theological Vision: Theological Attentiveness and the Practice of Ministry”. In Pete Ward (ed.), Perspectives on Ecclesiology and Ethnography (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2011), 107-23.

74. “The Lord is my Light: On the Discipleship of the Mind.” Evangelical Quarterly 83 (2011): 133-45.

75. “¿Ha mutado la ciencia a Dios?,” in Pable de Felipe (ed.), Ciencia y fe en diálogo (Madrid: Fliedner Ediciones, 2011), 101-14.

76. “The ‘Opening of Windows’: The King James Bible and Late Tudor Translation Theories,” in David Lyle Jeffrey (ed.), The King James Bible and the World It Made (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2011), 11-27.

77. “Frailty and Flourishing: Good News for Humanity.” Practical Theology 4 (2011): 315-31.

78. “Christianity,” in Mark Cobb, Christina Puchalski, and Bruce Rumbold (eds), The Textbook of Spirituality in Healthcare (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), 25-30.

79. “Le chiese in Europa minacciate dai ‘nuovi atei’.” Vita e pensiero 95, no. 3 (2012): 21-9.

80. “Bibelen og den nye ateismen.” Fast Grunn 65 no. 6 (2012): 325-36.

81. “Biology in a Christian University,” in Oliver D. Crisp, Gavin D’Costa, Mervyn Davies, and Peter Hampson (eds), Christianity and the Disciplines: The Transformation of the University (London: T&T Clark, 2012), 56-70.

82. “Reading Reality: Alister McGrath”, in Derek R. Nelson, Joshua M. Moritz, and Ted Peters (eds), Theologians in their Own Words (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2013), 125-36.

83. “Empires of the Mind,” in John Hughes (ed.), The Unknown God: Sermons Responding to the New Atheists (London: SCM Press, 2013), 49-54.

84. “An Enhanced Vision of Rationality: C. S. Lewis on the Reasonableness of Christian Faith.” Theology 116 No. 6 (2013): 410-17.

85. “Evidence, Theory, and Interpretation: The “New Atheism” and the Philosophy of Science.” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 37 (2013): 179-89.

86. “The King James Bible of 1611: The Making of a Classic Translation”, in Matthieu Arnold and Christophe Tournu (eds), La Bible de 1611: Sources, écritures et influences, XVIe – XVIIIe siècles (Strasbourg: Presses Universitaires de Strasbourg, 2013), 25-37.

87. “The Doctrine of Creation: Some Theological Reflections,” in Jonathan Moo and Robin Routledge (eds), As Long as Earth Endures”: Biblical and Theological Perspectives on Creation and the Environment. (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2014), 32-49.

88. “Five Questions”, in Gregg D. Caruso (ed.), Science and Religion: Five Questions (Copenhagen: Automatic Press, 2014), 129-35.

89. “The Boyle Lecture 2014: New Atheism – New Apologetics: The Use of Science in Recent Christian Apologetic Writings.” Science and Christian Belief 26, no. 2 (2014): 99-113.

90. “Retrieval and Renewal: Andrew Walker, C. S. Lewis, and ‘Deep Church’,” in Pete Ward and Martyn Percy (eds), The Wisdom of the Spirit: Gospel, Church and Culture. (Basingstoke: Ashgate, 2014), 7-18.

91. “Theology, Eschatology, and Church Growth,” in David Goodhew (ed.), Towards A Theology of Church Growth (Basingstoke: Ashgate, 2015), 93-106.

92. “Conflict or Mutual Enrichment? Why Science and Theology need to talk to Each Other.” Science and Christian Belief 27, no. 1 (2015): 3-16.

93. “C. S. Lewis: Defender of the Faith,” in Roger White, Judith Wolfe and Brendan N. Wolfe (eds), C. S. Lewis and His Circle: Essays and Memoirs from the Oxford C. S. Lewis Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 5-14.

94. “Menneske og natur. Emil Brunners skabelsesteologiske engagement”. In Christine Svinth-Vaerge Pöder (ed.), Mellem Tiderne: Fem dialektiske Teologer. Frederiksberg: Forlaget Anis, 2015, 141-70.

95. “Anglicanism and Pan-Evangelicalism”, in Mark Chapman, Sathi Clarke, and Martyn Percy (eds), The Oxford Handbook to Anglican Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 314-25.

96. “Hesitations about Special Divine Action: Reflections on Some Scientific, Cultural and Theological Concerns.” European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7, no. 4 (2015): 3-22.

97. “Chance and Providence in the Thought of William Paley”, in Karl W. Giberson (ed.), Abraham’s Dice: Chance and Providence in the Monotheistic Traditions. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016, 240-59.

98. “Telling the Truth through Rational Argument: C. S. Lewis on the Reasonableness of Christian Faith,” in Peter Williams and Michael Ward (eds), C. S. Lewis at Poets’ Corner. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2016, 3-14.

99. “Protestantism,” in Kamin Sanneh and Michael J. McClymond (eds), The Blackwell Companion to World Christianity. Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell, 2016, 641-52.

100.  “Multiple Perspectives, Levels, and Narratives: Three Models for Correlating Science and Religion,” in Louise Hickman and Neil Spurway (eds), Forty Years of Science and Religion. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2016, 10-29.

101. “Wissenschaft, Glaube und der Sinn hinter den Dingen,” in Barbara Drossel (ed.), Naturwissenschaftler reden von Gott. Giessen: Brunnen Verlag, 2016, 9-27.

102. “The Rationality of Faith: How Does Christianity Make Sense of Things?” Philosophia Christi 18, no. 2 (2016): 395-408.

103. “Science and Faith: Exploring an Intellectual Frontier.” Dialogue Australia 36 (2016): 8-10.

104. “Martin Luther in Dialectical Theology,” in Derek Nelson and Paul Hinlicky (eds), Oxford Encyclopaedia of Martin Luther. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, 000-00.

105. “Emil Brunner: A Theologian for the Academy and Church Today.” Theologische Zeitschrift 73, no. 2 (2017): 176-94.

106. “Natürliche Theologie: Ein Plädoyer für eine neue Definition und Bedeutungserweiterung.” Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie 59, no. 3 (2017), 297-310.

107. “A Proposal for an Inclusive Scientific Theory.” Scripta Theologica 49, no. 3 (2017): 665-83.

108. Articles on “Gnade”, “Häresie”, “Jesus Christus” and “Natürliche Theologie” for Evangelisches Lexikon für Theologie und Gemeinde. Witten: SCM-Verlag, to be published in 2019.

109. “Books and the Discipleship of the Mind.” CRUX 54, no. 1 (2018): 11-17.

110. “A Manifesto for Intellectual Engagement: Reflections on Thomas F. Torrance’s Theological Science (1969).” Participatio: The Journal of the T. F. Torrance Theological Fellowship 7 (2018): 1-16.

111. “Narratives of Significance: Reflections on the Engagement of Anthropology and Christian Theology.” In J. Derrick Lemons, (ed.), Theologically Engaged Anthropology: Social Anthropology and Theology in Conversation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018, 123-39.

112. “Teologie a doba nejistoty.” In Vykročit z Uzavřenosti, edited by Martin Kočí, 32-40. Prague: Lidové noviny, 2018.

113. “Christianity.” In Massimo Pigliucci, Skye Cleary, and Daniel A. Kaufman, eds., Philosophies of Life. New York: Vintage, 2019, 000-00.

114. “Loving Science, Discovering God: An Autobiographical Reflection on Science and Theology.” Theology & Science 17 (2019).

115. “Erzähltes Evangelium – Erzählende Kirche? Zur Aufgabe und zum Wesen narrativer Apologetik.’ Theologische Beiträge 50, no.2 (2019): 7-19.

116. “Propuesta de una teoría inclusiva.” In Miguel Brugaloras, Isabel M. León-Sanz, and Román Sol, eds, Teología y Universidad. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 2019, 107-22.